GRAVITY Derivation of Gravity |

Derivation of the gravitational constant, G

I am not a physicist. I am not even a scientist. I write computer programs. One program that I wrote compared different physical constants - one to another. I typed in the gravitational constant as measured for the 1999 value of Lou. The program flagged the value as equal to 1/50c. Almost exact! I can only guess at why this should be. If such a strange oddity were true, then the secret is in that number "50" and its relationship to the neutron and proton. Then, other data - newer data - was published for the gravitational constant. The new data slightly invalidated the relationship. In my opinion - "killed it"!

Oh well, truth is all that matters. In addition, what is more important - the dimensional units are totally wrong. I absolutely will not "cook", or pad, an equation. All that remained was to throw away the papers, and forget the time wasted. Just walk away. However, as a parting gesture: I should know exactly what is the difference between the values. Not that it really mattered; if it is wrong, it is wrong.

My first-term (old) value was (6.6712819E-11)

subtracted from the new 2006 composite measurement (6.67428E-11)

is a difference of 2.998096E-14. The mantissa is startling. To the accuracy of the measurement, it is the speed of light! Another oddity. Shamefully and uncontrollably, I then padded the equation with this new found oddity.

R is the number "fifty". C is the speed of light. T is 1E-22.

This equation does not even qualify as an equation; It is more like a curious algorithm. Without proper dimensions, it is more of a relationship.

I will call this gravitational constant the "Engineered" constant, representing a curious and contrived arithmetical value.

However the value is accurate and quite intriguing.

6.67259 (85) 1986 CODATA-86 6.673 (10) 1998 CODATA-98 6.6740 (7) 1997LANL-97 Bagley 6.6729 (5) 1998TRD-98 Karagioz 6.6709 (7) 2003HUST-99 Luo 6.674255(92) 2002Uwash-00 Markowitz 6.67559 (27) 2001BIPM-01Quinn 6.67422 (98) 2002Uwup-02 kleinvob 6.67407 (22) 2002Uzur-02 schlamminger 6.67387 (27) 2003MSL-03 armstrong 6.6742 (10) 2002 CODATA-02 |

Condensed and evaluated Empirical gravitational constant from data...

Without Units, this thing means NOTHING! Playing with the computer and just looking at "numbers" is no way to do business. So I decided to switch tactics and look for "units".

c is defined...

And I have chosen the neutron for a reason. Regardless of the specific mass, we have a relationship between wavelength and mass.

Planck-length is derived from compatible units.

This is very important: There is NO information about specific coefficients. This fact gives me freedom to let the computer "choose" them.

Of course other equations for G are possible when using dimensional analysis. And all with no guaranties of applicability. And all with no information about coefficients and constants.

What is needed is a third equation...

I reasoned that I needed a SINGLE mass unit to put into the above equation. Most of the mass of substances can be represented by the nucleus with its neutrons, or Protons-plus-electrons. This is true whether measurements have been made using the iron and nickel of the earths core, platinum-iridium in experiments, or brass balls. A "nuetron-mass-unit" is just as easy and comparable as the atomic mass unit based on carbon-12.

The mass of the neutron was substituted into the planck equation.

I stood back and let the computer run with it.

My computer handed me yet another oddity: a beautiful relationship between the two equations.

There it was on the computer screen. In total disbelief, I double checked the computer. It seems to be correct.

I will call it the Planck-Compton-length relationship (and it is only true for the neutron). What is the computer showing me now? I seem to be the first to see it. (Not counting the before mentioned computer)

And it turns out to be correct.

Solving for G...

Dividing up the dimensionless factors a little differently...

Gravitational constant using the two terms of the Engineered equation.

I will call it the "Neutron-G equation", and it is for only ONE mass. Although the Koide came from Leptons, we are dealing with hadrons. It still could refer to a real mass like the neutron. Why this is so, I do not know.

According to the equivalent principle, this equation should not exist: There is no difference between inertial mass and gravitational mass. Gravity should not depend on an arbitrary mass. UNLESS! - The neutron has a planck length and is composed of three "kodie-like" particles. At least the units are correct now, however the computer still has a free hand with the coefficients.

Now, to take the equation out for a spin...

Here is a formula value for a virtual proton-plus-electron. (1.672621637E-27 kg) + (9.10938215E-31 kg)

Here is the value for pure hydrogen atom: one proton, zero neutrons. 1.007825u. This is a specific nuclide and does exist as a stable natural "unit".

This value is close to free fall measurements like

G = 6.6873E-11 of Schwarz1998; using tungsten.

The original premise was that it had to be a hadron. Therefore, the last two examples are not applicable.

Here is the formula value of the formula Gravitational constant for the neutron.

Which is close to the G=6.67387(0.00027)E-11 Armstrong2003

The last accepted empirical value of Codata - 2006.

So what does this mean? I do not know.

My computer just loves dimensional analysis: it gives it vast liberties with coefficients. Countless permutations! Perhaps I should have walked away when I had the chance. But my computer has this uncontrollable compulsion to play with numbers. I am out of breath and tired of chasing it. It is brutally efficient at what it does.

C.A.Pennock