MASTER INDEX WORK INVIRNMENT AND DEVELOPMENT ELECTRONICS
BookPages-1To11.gif, 17kB Consciousness and music



I have created and built distributed-intelligence using microprocessors. I am an engineer. They require no external timing between them. All devices are autonomous, and spontaneously communicate at will. That is just a small part of what I have built, and you can read about them elsewhere on this site.

In contrast, I have no knowledge of the brain. I have had no classes in the brain, and no formal training what so ever. However, by knowing well, the devises and systems that I have built, I can project and imagine the brain - In my own unique way.

And it makes perfect sense... Initially, a complex subject truly makes perfect sense! If you are like me, you should find consciousness intriguing and very important. I will explain consciousness from a program writers view. If I explain it well, you will see how easy - but profound - the answer.

But first...
When I was a young man, after classes in high school, I would naturally turn on the radio when I would get out to the car. Time and time again, I would hear a beautiful song. Almost any song. I love all kinds of music. But I would ask myself, "What is this thing: music?" Why do I love it so much? Try as I may, I never had a fulfilling answer. I could never see inside my own head.


RULERMAR.GIF, 1.6kB
Oscillations:
"Vibrations", or more accurately, oscillations with feedback, occur in the brain. These are the theta waves. Before I go on to describe what they create, let me stay with specifically the oscillations for a moment. Imagine a simple electrical oscillator as a cavity. The cavity will have a "natural" resonance due to physical factors. The oscillation is self sustaining, and will go on forever (if not for dampening factors). Any oscillator: Or, in an acoustic sense, imagine a ringing bell. The oscillations are examples of an energy form that has an identity, and are self sustaining. They become "things". Thanks to your ears, you can point at it. No. Dont point at the bell. Point to the activity. It is a "ringing" (noun). Several years ago, I was the first person to coin the term "coherent energy form" on my entropy page. A coherent energy form has feedback, oscillations, self sustaining energy cycles, and most importantly, is a singular unit. Consider a windy dust-devel, coming across a dry field on a hot summer day, as a coherent energy form; So is the brain. A running engine is a coherent energy form, and seems "alive" - in a simple way. Of these last two forms; one, the engine, uses power for feedback, and the other one, the brain, uses communication for feedback. A coherent energy form transcends the physical make up of itself. It can be made of air or steal; neurons or silicon, and physical material is not important to my definition. The material make up is not important - what so ever. What will be important in a few minutes is the "derived" or secondary coherent energy form. Most are "fueled" derivatives, and die with fuel exhaustion.

TrainSnowRed300.jpg, 23kB
Fueled derivative of an "engine" coherent energy form.
In the case of the engine if you connect a transmission to the engine, you can mechanically do work: like cut trees. The little distributer turning around and around, has managed to harness huge amounts of power in complex mechanical operations.

Derived forms are animated, self contained and autonomous, live forever in principle as long as the fuel remains. Derived systems have a material counter part. Sense they have a huge positive entropy change, and consume fuel, they have a physical form. Coherent energy forms always have an isolated negative entropy.


TrafficLights.jpg, 56kB
Fueled derivative of a "computer" coherent energy form.
In the case of a computer, the little clock oscillator remains a minor coherent energy form in its own right. But that little clock steps a program counter. The program counter comes with an attached agenda involving decisions. The agenda can be described as derived, auxillary, or "born from". The derived intelligent decisions, and the derived actions of those decisions, create a coherent energy form of immense proportions.

Derived forms are animated, self contained and autonomous, live forever in principle as long as the fuel remains. Derived systems have a material counter part in our real-world. They exist as physical objects. And abstractly, a "spirit" in the form of equations, language, and words live in the physical object.

Genetics, that work with biological things, call this "DNA".

In my media of silicon that I work in, this is called "code".
ChiefAllThings.jpg, 46kB Life, in all things...



In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
He was with God in the beginning.
Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made.

1 John 1:1
Not only can Words live in a physical object, but according to what I read, can CREATE too.




RULERMAR.GIF, 1.6kB

PC1To9.gif, 11kB

Here is a program counter of a computer.
It is composed of "cells". The microprocessors that I like to work with contains 8k (eight thousand) program counter cells.
I am not showing you what each cell actually does. That is a separate agenda of each cell. That is what a program writer determines.
For example, each cell can do an arithmetical operation and make a decision, or do something external like turn a light on.
At every pulse from the clock, the program counter advances, or go goes to a position determined from a cells decision. If a cell makes no decision, the counter defaults to advancing one "notch".
The clock keeps the decisions going, one after another; For example:
"If this. go there (on the program counter)",
"Add this to that and if so munch go here" ...


In advanced code writing, there are many of these "execution pointers", and each live on a "Thread". Different threads are constantly choosen by higher threads. It is complicated. The more threads, the slower the computer. For example, I imagine a grasshoppers brain to chainge threads at perhaps 1 microsecond. A human brain can take a second or longer. Computers with multicore processors have a sharing delay of 15 to 30 milliseconds . In just a minute, I will show how "internal music" keeps all the theads prioritised and orchestrated. All threads must complete at central locations on certain beats. The executive pointer rides on these threads. And music in all of its complexity are the threads.

...Sorry, I must get back to the simple.
The clock never stops, and consequently the program never stops, as you can see. The program has a strange "life" to it, as you also can see and imagine.


Checkerboard1To9.gif, 28kB
Here is exactly the same program.
But now I am only showing you a derivative (result of an operation). Instead of the derivative turning on a light, I will change the derivative to determine "location". In reality, the location is a value in a buffer. But not two or three buffers: ONE, and only one, buffer of choice. I could waist space by writing to many more buffers, but I would have holes in this "dedicated" two dimensional plane. Here is a two dimensional plane. Where the actual program counter's number has a counterpart (derivative) in these same locations. I just wanted the program to show you the program counter, which is normally just as transparent as the clock. (Our clocks in our heads are invisible too. We are not conscious of them.) Just imagine that this particular buffer is located in your visual cortex. You see! You can "see" it now: It is a checkerboard in blue. You can see the invisible workings of a program counter.

The program count can be any where in this space. It is free to jump around. But is still a "sequential", "in-line", "linear", or one dimensional program counter. I just wanted to create a two dimensional display of results before I get into parallel processing. Each of these program counter cells can only do ONE thing as an operation: for example a cell can make a decision, can change an arithmetical value, or can turn something on or off. If the count "cell" does not make a decision, then by default, the next clock pulse advances the program counter by one; The program does not want to die. When the count reaches the end, the program writer programs (sends) the count back to "one" (or a lower count). The process repeats over and over. And onless it is from Microsoft, the program lives forever. I could still have a few cells turn on a light or fetch data, but I would have holes in my checkerboard. I have chosen the derivative to be "location" in a buffer.
As you can see, this display is not very useful. A serial processor can advance no further. We must go into parallel processing.


Ed Muybridge.jpg, 26kB Muybridge, father of motion pictures. 1872
First, I will recreate the serial work, just done, by parallel methods.
I assign a separate processor to each cell; in reality a group of neurons with many dendrites, including a dendrite to the preceding cell, and one to the next. We no longer need the "consecutive" nature of the program counter, and in fact is no longer a program "counter".
We now feed all cells simultaneously from the clock. Each group of neurons, I will call cell domains, can enable or inhibit the neighbor cell domains. you program each cell domain to only become active when its neighbor was just active at the last pulse. Thereby, you have recreated the original program counter, with the exception of domain 6 witch activates domain 22, and domain 24 which activates domain 1. Easily done, as you can still jump around as before. Now, you can add unlimited dimensions. You may choose, for example, to add "color". Keep in mind that each cell domain can have unlimited influences. The dimension of "color" comes from huge numbers of places in the brain. And is already showing its influence and independence here in these squares. In just the visual cortex, The are countless other dimensions such as sizes, shapes, and movements and types of movements, brightness, etc, etc, etc, etc. Although the parallel method is already vastly superior in this little exercise, to have it duplicate the simple serial processor is ridiculously trivial, and thwarts the immense power of this thing.

Here are some inconsequential facts to my discussion:
Each nest of neurons can make decisions in both digital format and analog formats depending on simply the number of inputs. Outputs are in analog formats using pulse repetition rates.


Here is what you experience with this example: A changing color, visualized in a small square. This is a derived static "state" at any one time. In silicon, they are not even close to "experience" yet, they are "events".

BookPages-1To11.gif, 17kB Now, consider the brain...
These "one dimensional units" are now whole "pages of stuff"!
In the brain, the "brain states" are multidimensional. And they pass by our experience at a rate of 40mS each. The speed is extremely slow compared to silicon, but still always below our conscious level. You necessarily experience the changing nature, but not the interval. Unfortunately, I can only represent these "brain-states" as two dimensional "pages". A conventional execution pointer points to a physical location, and it is a one dimensional spot. But a brain execution pointer points to a huge page of stuff. And the very definition of an execution pointer falls apart: it is now a democratic pointer, and a whimsical one at that!
Pages.jpg, 26kB But, in reality they contain thousand of dimensions from all over the brain. Each state is a representation mosaic of a select portion of "life". The snapshot can be likened to a collection of events on a page. Each page is a snapshot created and retrieved in one 40mS instant. And it's capture in memory is profoundly "static". Static - only after the 40mS timing period. The static page is quickly formed and presented only on the timing mark. Inbetween timing marks, the is no consciousness. And the inner workings between timing marks is necessarily unknown to consciousness. Counsciousness is the rapid display of the pages, in sequence, and without end.



Though we may never be able to comprehend human life, we know certainly that it is a movement, of whatever nature it be.
Nikola Tesla
The brain is a parallel, or a "simultaneous" processor. In all parallel processing, a timing system is absolutely required. Unconscious cadence, theta waves, activates many areas at the same time and deposits or retrieves information in many places. All, part of ONE experience. The process always produces holographic mappings that comprise a "page". Wither reading or writing, the areas are dispersed in physical locations, and are simultaneously technically referenced by particular "pulses". Timing is required in all parallel processing for coherency, and for any meaning at all. In an analogy with an orchestra, this function is basically the "drums". In an analogy with unconscious music, other instruments "compose" the page. The other "instruments", and they can form a lot of drama contours, are the threads; in analogy of simple silicon computers. The different threads access the same data areas of the brain. Areas in common can not be accessed by more than one thread at a time. Internal Music has a role of separation of tasks.

In my opinion, epileptic seizure are the direct result of threads crossing. So, music therapy may help. No one has tried this; A good PHD thesis. ...Unless it is RapCrap. That will not help anybody.



NatAnam.gif, 124kB The feedback to the thalamus keeps the oscillations going. The continual, never ending pulses and the resulting "change" in the derivatives in the brain, continually keep us "alive". A sense of "continuing". Consciousness can not exist without a representation of a "change in time". The change in time is unconsciously marked by the pulses.

I just thought of something else, while doing this little time-lapse: Thanks to my work in broadcasting, I know that video frames can not be seen as "flickering" at repetition rates much above 50 Hz. 50 Hz is no dought the same as the theta wave length in the visual cortex. It is probably one of the fastest regions. Without knowing much about the brain, I would guess that general perception is probably around 20 to 40 Hz. And of course, we are unconscious of this "time-lapse" nature of our consciousness. If it were days, instead of few hertz, we could comfortably watch trees grow. And it would seem normal. Evolution decided that "days" would not be a prudent choice with fast tigers around. Evolution binds us, waists nothing and always has a reason. The chains of steel become "us".
RULERYEL.GIF, 4.2kB

The measurement

Consciousness has several factors:
The product of refresh rate and the neuron quantity of each page.
Another factor is more important:
Relevancy!
I could define relevancy as the difference from page to page that is part of an unchanging theme. The maximum difference of a maximum sameness. For example:
Imagine a primitive creature watching a nature scene, with the wind gently blowing in the trees, and dynamic in a myriad of ways. And yet, the creature has no consciousness at this moment; Because there is no relevance to survival and there is no difference from page to page. For example, there is no prey item in the tranquil, mondain scene. However, if a human views the same scene, relevancy is huge! A human can model everything before his eyes, and all presented before him has relevancy to his life.

The first two factors are easy to measure. Page size can be statistically estimated from from overall brain weight minus motor neuron, olfactory, and visual brain weight, which generally corresponds to species body mass. The third could be estimated from MRI intensity per second, or of sucrose/oxygen usage per second. The brain must be in coherency. RULERYEL.GIF, 4.2kB



"I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly."
"; ...life does not consist in an abundance of possessions."

John 10, Luke 12:14
"Familiarity", when talking about neurons, which can learn, implies that consciousness can grow. Consciousness has spinoffs of "Enlightenment". Life can grow.


I got the idea from watching savants, and at the same time considering the importance of this strange thing called "music". The type of music that savants are great at are classical themes, with rich rifts, contour and sculpture. I propose that unconscious music is a direct reflection of "consciousness"; One of the few cerebral activities left to a savant. The underlying activity comes to the forefront, and is more exposed to the savant.

Music:
Music in the brain. Not as electrical current nor electrical rhythms, but in a much broader sense, reoccurring snapshot "mood-pages", all with an orchestrated cadence similar to external music. Internal music is prosodic manipulation of electrical patterns. Internal music, with it's many contours, maintains a focus that may involve emphasis, intensity, and contrast. It is music!

With internal music, I am not talking about the electrical theta waves of a few dozen Hz. That is only the wiring and timing: absolutely necessary for parallel processing. I am talking about changing whole - and complicated - pages! That are exactly the same as music. The changing patterns are unconscious music.


" Every movement in nature must be rhythmical. It is borne out in everything we perceive—in the movement of a planet, in the surging and ebbing of the tide, in the reverberations of the air, the swinging of a pendulum, the oscillations of an electric current, and in the infinitely varied phenomena of organic life. "
Nikola Tesla
Incidently, if I am right, external conscious music timings should be whole integer amounts of the internal theta frequency. Unconscious music is such a subjective thing, intricately "personal" but objectively, just a "movement" directed by cadence. Also, complicated page compilation requires a "delay" or latency, for a complete page. This is accomplished with "Internal Music". Internal Music is similar to External Music except for one extremely important aspect: We can be conscious only of External Music. Internal Music involves the very mechanism of how the brain works, and necessarily forbids introspection. We are not conscious of the Music Of The Brain. Consciousness lives from turning of the page to the turning of the page. Nothing in between. Music allows for the necessary latency delays in page formulization.

In computer writing, when I send out multiple subrouines to help with a task, all must arive back, as faithful measengers, in a timely manner and at an expected time. Each take a different number of machine cycles. Sometines I can not take the next step until all my subroutines have completed their actions and reported back. In the brain, the "next step" can not be taken until the next page is completed.


Monkey-malaysia.JPG, 46kB Unconscious music is necessary for navigation tasks in the real world.
Most are close to the balance centers in the ear:
(I have no data, nor have anything definitive...)
Examples might be:
First, from running and walking.
Second, from "swinging"
Third, from flying and swimming.
Forth, from the sex act.
Fifth, from breathing.

All of the above are basic "physical" acts; All can be expressed externally by dancing.
These basic ones require not much more than simple rhythms...


1677-popular-singer.jpg, 4.0kB But after basic "rhythm", comes much more:
Unconscious music is necessary for complex coordinations, in such as hunting or gathering food. When doing such tasks, "mood" of this music is the only conscious artifact that comes to the surface. Pages to turn are chosen, and the orchestration is done with very sophisticated music. Orchestration leaves behind many conscious emotions: sadness, love, anticipation of rewards, jealousy, etc. We are conscious of these.

Unconscious music is division-of-labor.
With mood at the top, progressing down to the actual steps taken at the bottom. (My autonomous processors can do the steps at the bottom, but can not do mood.) For example, it may take 500 smaller pages to move the foot in one time frame, while large "mood" pages, take a couple of time frames. And all pages must realign on internal cadence. All activities are synchronized. The brain divides the labor, and is doing many unconscious things at the same time.

Now I would like to describe more physically how this happens. A thread in a microprocessor is linear, and rigorously defined in the silicon. In fact the operating paths are allocated in physical paths. And threads spend more time as physical paths in certain domains than others. If one could listen-in to different paths, it would sound like music. Normally, my microprocessors live a mundane life, just waiting for things to happen. And then their threads become lively with a myriad of rich paths and orchestration. But my devices in silicon have no memory of WHERE those threads have been. In the brain, on the other hand, pages pulse by on threads that do leave a record of where they have been operating. Music can artificially point to these domains of feelings. And in fact can inhance the areas and leave the specifics behind. Music can manipulate and concentrate the path areas; these are moods. No one has invented a thread that routinely monitors where it has been used. The closest thing to it are Watchdogs. They monitor the heartbeat of a microprocessor, and can tell if the thing is alive. To build pages of anger or love can only be done by eliciting those pages from threads in certain domains.

You can mentally do tasks, without lifting a finger. And even learn tasks, vicariously. And you can mentally feel passions without the real exposure. With music you can feel without an explicit story, using a myriad of implicit virtual experiences that you have already experienced. With music the specifics in the pages do not matter as much. That is why with external music, words help, but are not necessary.

The threads are orchestrated by the unstoppable, cadence pulses that guarantee "what is next". Intire sequences of steps are stepped. You are unaware of the step nature. "You" are continually "moving" without actually running or jumping. The "movement" is with pages that are continually evolving in character; But each one profoundly static. Just as you are not conscious of your heart beat, you are not conscious of the brain pulses. The pages are built from threads in feeling areas, or "familiar" areas. The brain understands the familiar cadence, and translates it to vicarious real time stimuli and real world "happenings". And apparently, you feel life, and it keeps coming, never ending and "living". Elicited with external music, the internal mental experience is so pleasurable, because technical things fade away, and with feelings paramount, nothing is unexpected, and everything is harmonious and known. If only the external world could be so beautiful! You know perfectly what is next. And you anticipate and relish to experience it.


As a boy, I wanted to know about music. Now I know much more.
As a program software writer,
I write - or "code" - a program, and then I start the program. It is then that "Life" is given to the program - when the program "runs". The program has a deliberate way of "moving" on a familiar path that reoccurs, And that path is taken in steps created by a clock. And that path is the thread. The clock is an oscillator similar to that in the brain. The oscillator in both the computer and the brain are technically electrical pulses. But the theta waves in the brain have an added function: they also synchronize as well as "step". The program has electrical patterns, but this is not the essence of it's music. It is not so physical: It is the continual movement between "pages" that is a dance that never stops. If it stops, existence stops. Consciousness stops.

In the brain, there are theta waves. They "oscillate" and never die. The waves themselves are like a drummer in the orchestra. They drive a "democratic" program which is in a constant state of change:
looping and searching, and doing a program's "thing". The oscillations are self perpetuating, and never stop. Together with dispersed democracy communities, they create perception. Together they form the unique consciousness of "ourselves". This is life!





Returning to the brain...
The drums illicit a "derivative" response which is the rest of the "orchestra". The rest of the orchestra is unconsciously "experienced" or "felt" at each drum beat. The orchestra as a whole never dies, and lives from beat to beat through "pages". You only experience the CHANGE, from unconscious moment to unconscious moment. Consciousness must CONSTANTLY be resupplied. This, in my definition as stated above, is now a coherent energy form, and necessarily has uniqueness to at least an external world.

Self consciousness would remain weak, or non existant, except for the fact that neurons can "learn". The consciousness is grown and learned from birth; Gaining more internal "uniqueness" with every year. Page composition continually improves with "higher" and "higher" forms. The pages increasingly become more "supervisory" with a more "total picture". This progress can only happen by monitoring thread activity in areas and patterns. This is called feelings. The high pages grow higher, while the lower pages become more specific, proficient and skillful. And all pages respond to the same simultaneous pulses. Eventually, in time, slowly and naturally, the highest page has an image of the thinker; An image largely comprised of feelings.

I once carried a large mirror down to the chicken shed. I placed it at floor level so the chickens could see themselves. I found myself as an impatient observer, and after a few minutes needed a comfortable position to continue an empty watch. Despite all the goofy neck stretching, gawking and squabbling, none of these stupid things could see themselves. And it was a very high quality mirror, and I continually cleaned it perfectly with a cloth, leaving no streaks or dust.

Otherwise, these were perfectly functioning three-toed dinosaurs...
I would take these chickens out into the woods. I could talk to them to an extent, and I knew their language. They would sit in my lap. They would preen their feathers laying against me, full of babbling and contentment. These things lived for the moment; and with utmost enthusiasm. In the present they were more alive than me. But they had no past or future. I believe this is the very definition of "Garden of Eden": only the present. By watching them in their moment to moment exuberance, I see no perception of past or future.

And for us, in general: A "self image" is never seen in the present; It is impossible.

Now, I know that a high page with such abstraction carries a "mass" burdon, and would be too much oxygen and sugar overhead for such a prey item. But that is not the answer. Evolution waists nothing. Evidently, their brains did not need to grow. But why?


Actually, their brains can not grow!
The theta frequency has to be very fast for a prey item. But according to my theory, and what I have figured out from above, large "higher" pages require slower pulses. The two requirements for a clucker are mutually exclusive. They are stuck in the middle and can not go in either direction. If there is a small change in theta frequency either way, they are dead meat. It makes sense...
I like these perfect chickens.

Also...
For this type of consciousness, the activity SEEMS to have "identity" linked to physical neurons. But it is an illusion. Remember! ...The identity is a coherent energy form, and has little to do with the base material neurons. The life (wither conscious or not) could be transplanted, sense logic uses neurons but does not "own" the neurons. This point may seem trivial, but needs to be expressed.


RULERMAR.GIF, 1.6kB "Life goes on till the music stops..."

Actually, the music restarts every morning. We awake, and are the same person with the same patterns. But, with this model, other modes or patterns are possible: in this case, multiple personalities. Just as an electrical cavity can have several (real) different modes, so too, the brain. The oscillations are self sustaining: "Alice" and "Maud" can live in the same brain, and share the exact same neurons and scull, but NOT at the same time. Two "oscillations" would interfere with one another, and result in no single coherency. The vibrations will, more or less, cancel out, self destruct, and interfere. More is not better here. And it is similar to threads crossing in a computer. If a brain learns to avoid the seizures, then it will successfully posses a mechanism to devide into separate personalities. When I have written program code with "time sharing", two or more routines may occur at the same time with each their own oscillations and relevance. Resulting, in the short run, with cross contamination, instability and weird behavior; And in the long run, a "crash". I would think that, in a person as in a program, an automatic "reboot" would occur; where all brain functions would temporarily shut down, perhaps with accompanying epilepsy; and where one personality would emerge, fully dominating. And the remaining personality(s) dormant or repressed.


A large herd of pigs was feeding on the nearby hillside. The demons begged Jesus, "Send us among the pigs; allow us to go into them." He gave them permission, and the impure spirits came out and went into the pigs. The herd, about two thousand in number, rushed down the steep bank into the lake and were drowned.
Mark 5:10
My proposal - fundamentally - blurs the distinction between a different person verses a mere personality. This is serious stuff! Because a personality resembles a "possession". My theory predicts that two people (or personalities) can not occupy the same brain at the same time. The one truth: A person's "music" must be pure to be self sustaining. This is a technical requirement! And is an absolute requirement. Consciousness can not exist without the coherency and harmony which is afforded to one individual.


RULERYEL.GIF, 4 kB
RULERYEL.GIF, 4 kB
RULERBOW